Berkeley, Calif., a city long known for its liberal residents, has become the first in the United States to adopt a tax on soda.
Voters overwhelmingly approved the tax in a referendum Tuesday.
Across the bay in San Francisco, a 55 percent majority of voters approved a similar tax. But the referendum failed because it needed to win a two-thirds majority.
The American Beverage Association and other lobbyists spent more than $2 million in Berkeley. But in the end about three-quarters of the vote supported Measure D.
Supporters of the tax say high-calorie sodas bear much of the blame for the epidemic of obesity in the United States and the increase in diabetes.